A recent exhibition tennis match on a barge in front of a glacier in Patagonia between Rafael Nadal and Novak Djokovic was so cool I’ve decided to give a tennis lesson… a grammar lesson comparing tennis champions, that is!
Today I’ll compare men’s tennis rivals Rafa and Nole, who are currently ranked #1 and #2 in the world (as of December 2013). I’ll look at some of the top women’s players tomorrow.
First an overview of comparisons and then a short quiz (it’s painless, I promise).
What are comparative adjectives?
They are adjectives that compare (=contrast) two different nouns (persons/places/things).
For example, Novak Djokovic is taller than Rafael Nadal.
Review of Form:
The form of comparative adjectives depends on the base adjective.
– For 1-syllable adjectives, add –er:
old –older slow – slower
– Spelling note: for 1-syllable adjectives ending in one consonant, double the consonant:
fat – fatter thin – thinner
– For adjectives that end in e, add –r:
late – later nice – nicer
– Adjectives that end in y, change the y to –ier:
sunny – sunnier heavy – heavier
– Longer words (with 2 or more syllables) use the word more instead of adding an ending to the adjective:
interesting – more interesting crowded – more crowded
– of course there are a few exceptions:
good – better bad – worse
– Form: use the comparative adjective + than to compare two things or people (when you actually state both things or people).
Rafael is older than Novak.
Novak is younger.
Ready to practice with a little quiz?